The consequences of World War II for the village



Both, World War I and II claimed supreme sacrifice in Bakowa.
In World War I 79 men from Bakowa died. During and shortly after World War II, 103 people from Bakowa died. 76 persons of them in the German army, 15 in the Romanian army, 2 during an air attack, 7 persons were shot at the border to Hungary, 3 men died in an internment camp.

Of those who stayed at home, 203 men and 235 women and girls were displaced to Russia in January 1945.
57 persons didnīt return home.
In spite of all the sorrow those who survived or stayed at home couldnīt rest.
Because of the expropriation laws of the communist government of Romania, all private property (except of houses and gardens) was taken away. That was a crushing blow to the population who lived mainly on agriculture and viniculture.
This was not enough. The communist government tried - as in other villages too - to smash the German character of Bakowa by sending Romanian colonists from other parts of the country to settle in Bakowa.
The colonist families were distributed to almost each household. Because some of the colonists played the landlords, trouble and arguments were the consequence.
Luckily most of the colonists left the village after a few years, so Bakowa became a German village again.